Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10 Social Science Notes

Students should read Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10 Social Science Notes provided below. These notes have been prepared based on the latest syllabus and books issued by NCERT, CBSE and KVS. These important revision notes will be really useful for students to understand the important topics given in the chapter Popular Struggles and Movements in Class 10 Social Science. We have provided class 10 Social Science notes for all chapters.

Revision Notes Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10 Social Science

Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements is an important chapter in Class 10 Social Science. The following notes will help you to understand and easily learn all important points to help you score more marks.

Key Points to remember:

• Pressure groups: Pressure groups are organisations that attempt to influence government policies.

• Public Interest Groups: They promote collective goods as opposed to selective good. They support or help groups other than their own members.

• Maoist: The communists who believed in the ideology of Mao, the great leader of the Chinese Revolution were called Maoist.

• Bolivia: Bolivia is a poor country located in Latin America(South America).

• S.P.A: Seven Party Alliance in Nepal.

• FEDECOR: National Coalition of Bolivia

• Pressure Group: A group that tries to influence public policy in the interest of a particular cause,

• BAMCEF: The all India Backward and Minority Communists Employees Hederation.

• Monarchy: A form of government with a monarch at the head.

Very Short answer type Questions

Question. Why did King Gyanendra dismiss the then Prime Minister and dissolve Parliament?
Ans. He was not prepared to accept democratic rule. He took advantage of the the weakness and unpopularity of the democratically elected government.

Question. What was the reason of popular movement in Nepal?
Ans. To restore the Democracy.

Question. Name any one political party of India which grew out of a movement.
Ans. Aam Aadmi Party, AIADMK, DMK

Question. What is the role of “BAMCEF”?
Ans. It is an organization largely made up of government employees that campaigns against caste discrimination.

Question. Who are Sectional Interest groups?
Ans. They seek to promote the interests of a particular sections of group of society.

Question. Explain the main reason for “Bolivia’s water war’?
Ans. The Government of Bolivia sold the rights of water supply to a multinational company.

Question. Ditlerentiate between “Sectional Interest groups” and “Public Interest groups”?
Ans. Sectional Interest groups seek to promote the interest of a particular section. Public interest groups promote collective rather than selective goods.

Question. When was democracy established in Nepal?
Ans. 1990

Question. Give some examples of Movements?
Ans. Narmada Bachao Andolan, Anti-liquor Movement, Women’s Movement

Question. Which organisation led the protest against water Privatisation in Bolivia?

Short/Long Answer type Questions

Question. Dillerentiate between issue-specific movements and generic movements. Give an example of an issue-specific movement and explain.
Ans. Issue Specific Movements:
• They achieve a single objective-within a limited timeframe.
• There is a clear leadership.
• They have some sort of an organization i.e., organizational features of order, stability leadership etc., are visible in them.
• Their active life is usually short, e.g., The Nepalese Movement for Democracy.

Generic Movement
• They are more general movements that seek to achieve a broad goal in the long term,
• They have independent leadership.
• There is no single organization that controls or guides such movements.

Question. What do you understand by pressure group? Explain with example?
Ans. Pressure groups are organisations that attempt to influence government policies. Example:
* All India Teacher’s Association
* All India Student Union
* All India Trade Association

Question. Examine the role of pressure groups and movements in deepening Democracy?
Ans. Pressure groups and movements have deepened democracy.
• lt reminds the government of the needs and concern of ordinary citizens.
•  Put pressure on the rulers for the unhealthy activities,
• It performs a useful role of the countering undue influence of the rich and powerful people.
• One Single group cannot achieve dominance over society.
• The government gets to hear about what different sections of the population want.
• This leads to a rough balance of power and accommodation of conflicting interests.

Question. Describe any two similarities and inequalities of popular struggle in Bolivia and Nepal?
Ans. Similarities
• Both the countries were Democratic.
• Popular Struggles get success in both the countries.
• Both the countries are example for Democratic Struggle.
• These two countries are example of Political Struggle.

• The struggle of Nepal was based on the politics of the country.
• The struggle of Bolivia is related to a particular policy.

Question. Differentiate between pressure group and Political Parties?
Ans. Pressure Group
• They are not direct partner in the Government.
• Their organization is weak.
• They has limited influence.
• Their target is short duration.

Political Parities
• They are direct partner in the Government.
• Their organization is strong.
• They has influence on large society.
• Their targeted on long duration.

Question. What is the significance of the Election Manifesto?
Ans. It provides the details of programs, policies and objectives of Political Parties.
• It shows the Internal and External policies of any party.
• It provides the information about post-election operations.
• Public can create pressure to government to work accordingly their manifesto.

Question. How does pressure group influence Politics?
Ans. Yes. pressure groups influence Politics.
• They indirectly help the candidate.
• To create the pressure on government they organized the strike and demonstration.
• To get support and sympathy of public they organize various functions.

Question. Describe any of the three function of Interest group?
Ans. Works of Interest Groups:
• Creation of Public Opinion
• To arrange the Strike and Demonstration
• Support the Political Parties at the time of Elections.

Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10 Social Science Notes

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