HOTS Accountancy Class 12 Chapter 1 Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organisation
Students of Class 12 Commerce should refer to the HOTS Class 12 Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organisation with solutions given below, this will help them to understand the concepts and related questions given in the Class 12 Accountancy textbook. It’s very important to understand High Order Thinking Skills questions and answers to get better marks in examinations.
Question: Give to main sources of income of a ‘Not for profit organisation’.
Answer: (i) Subscription (ii) Donation.
Question: State any two characteristics of Receipt and Payment Account.
Answer: (i) Receipts and Payments Account is a summary of Cash Book.
(ii) Non- cash expenses such as depreciation and outstanding expenses are not shown in Receipts and Payments Account.
Question: How would you account for ‘subscription due to be received’ in the current year in the books of a non trading organisation?
Answer: Subscription due to be received is added with subscription received during the year in Income and Expenditure A/C and shown as an asset in the closing balance sheet.
Question: How would you account for ‘subscription received in advance’ in the current year in the books of a non trading organisation?
Answer: Subscription received in advance is subtracted from subscription received during the year in Income and Expenditure A/C and shown as a liability in the closing Balance sheet.
Question: Is it possible for one hospital to have an income and expenditure account whereas
another has a profit and loss account?
Answer: No. Both hospitals will have to prepare Income and Expenditure Account.
Question: What is meant by fund based accounting?
Answer: Fund based accounting is a book peeping technique where by separate self-balancing sets of assets, liability, income, expenses and fund balance accounts are maintained for each contribution for a specific purpose.
Question: Tournament fund appears in the books Rs. 15,000 and expenses on tournament during the year were Rs. 18000. How will you show this in format while preparing financial statement of a not-for-profit organisation?
Question: As per Receipt and Payments account for the year ended on March 31, 2008, the subscription received were Rs. 2,50,000. Addition information given is as follows:-
(i) Subscriptions outstanding on 01-04-2007 Rs. 50,000.
(ii) Subscription outstanding on 31-03-2008 Rs. 35,000.
(iii)Subscription Received in advance as on 31-03-2008 Rs. 30000.
Ascertain the amount of income from subscription for the year 2007-08.
Answer: Calculation of current year subscription to be shown in Income and Expenditure A/C for the year ended March 31, 2008 :-
Question: Why depreciation on fixed assets is not recorded in receipts and Payment Account?
Answer: Depreciation is non cash Expenditure.
Question: From the following extracts of Receipts and Payments Account and the additional information given below, compute the amount of income from subscriptions and show us how they would appear in the Income and Expenditure Account for the year ending March 31, 2007and the Balance sheet on that date:-
(i) Subscription outstanding on March 31, 2006 Rs. 8500.
(ii) Total subscriptions outstanding on March 31, 2007 Rs. 18,500.
(iii) Subscriptions received in advance as on March 31, 2006 Rs. 4000.
Question: From the following particulars of a club, calculate the amount of salaries to be shown in Income and expenditure account for the year ended 31 March, 2008:-
Total salaries paid during the year 2007-08 Rs. 87,000
Outstanding salaries on 01-04-2007 Rs. 17,000
Prepaid salaries on 01-04-2007 Rs. 19,000
Outstanding salaries on 31-03-2008 Rs. 32,000
Prepaid salaries on 31-03-2008 Rs 20,000
Question: Calculation of salaries to be shown in Income and Expenditure A/C for the year ended March 31, 2008:-
Question: “ Not – for –profit organisation” do not maintain any capital account”. What do they
maintain instead of capital account?
Answer: The amount of capital fund is the capital.
Question: Give two examples of capital receipts which are directly added to the capital fund
Answer: (I) Specific donations.
Question: One horse of a horse race club died. Insurance company has offered to settle the
claim at 60% will it be recorded in the Accounts of the club and how?
Question: (ii) Tournament Funds/Life membership Free.
Question: Calculate the amount to be debited to Income and Expenditure account under the heading sports items for the year 2006-07 in respect of the Osmosis club:-
Stock of sports items on 01-04-2006 Rs. 44,700
Stock of sports items on 31-03-2007 Rs. 24,500
Paid for sports items during the year Rs. 97,900
Creditors for supplies of sports items 31-03-2007 Rs. 26,500.
Question: Define Legacy. Explain its treatment while preparing financial statements of a “Not
– for –profit Organisation”.
Answer: Legacy is the money which NFPO gets because of the will of a person it is recorded in
Question: How the following items are shown in the balance sheet of Not –for – profit
Organisation on 31st March 2007:
Question: Show the following information in the Balance Sheet of the Cosmos club as on 31st March 2007:-
Question: Calculate the amount medicines to be debited in the Income and Expenditure Account of a Hospital on the basis of the following information:-
Question: Distinguish between Receipts and Payments A/C and Income and expenditure A/C.
Answer: 13 Difference between Receipts and Payments and Income and Expenditure.
Question: Extracts of receipt and payment Account for the year ended 31st March ,2007 are
Total number of members : 230
Annual membership fee : Rs 125
Subscription outstanding on April 1, 2006: Rs. 2,750
Prepare a statement showing all relevant items of subscriptions viz. income, advance,
Answer: Income from subscription of the current year : Rs.28,750
Where, outstanding subscription as on 31-03-2007 = Rs. 2,250
Question: Show the following information in the Balance Sheet of the cosmos club as on 31st March
Answer: Total of liabilities: Rs.1,62,000
Total of Assets: Rs.1,56,000
Question: Following is the receipts and payments accounts of Purveni recreation club for the year
ended 31st March 2007
RECEIPT AND PAYMENTS ACCOUNT
For the year ended 31st March 2007
Following additional information are also provided to your:
(i) The value of assets and liabilities on 31st March 2006 were as follows
Sport equipment Rs 6760 ; subscription in arrears Rs 1950 ,furniture Rs
12,480, outstanding sent Rs 780 subscription received in advanced Rs 520
(ii) Entrance fee is to be Capitalized
(iii) The value of assets and liabilities on 31st March 2007 were:
Sport equipment Rs 19,760 , subscription in arrears Rs 1,690, furniture Rs
11,180 , outstanding rent Rs 390 , subscription in advance Rs. 2340
Answer: Surplus = Rs.13000
Capital Fund = Rs.93,210
Balance sheet Total = Rs.1,12,840
[Hint : (i) Subscription Rs.23,920
(ii)Rent of Hall Rs.23,920
(iii)Investment to be a shown closing balance sheet at
Question: Prepare Income and Expenditure account for the year ended 31st March 2008 and the
Balance sheet as it 31st march 2008 for the following information of Gandhi welfare society
RECEIPT AND PAYMENTS ACCOUNTS for the year ended 31st March 2008
(i) On 31st March 2007 the society had following assets and liabilities:
Assets: 10 % investment Rs 1,21,000 ( face value Rs 165,000 furniture Rs 88,000
Musical Instruments Rs 13,420 , Machinery Rs 61,600 , Fax Machines Rs 18,700,
subscription in arrears Rs 17,600
Liabilities: Creditors for entertainment material Rs 5,500 subscription received in
advance Rs 2310 and building fund Rs 55,000
(ii) Charge depreciation @ 20% on furniture , machinery and fax machinery
(iii) On 31st march 2008 entertainment material was valued at Rs 28732
Internet charges outstanding Rs 1650
(iv) Each year subscription is paid by 110 members each paying Rs 2310
(v) Payment for entertainment material includes Rs 2200 for previous year
Question: From the following receipts and payments accounts for the year ended 31st March 2007
and Balance Sheet as at 31st March 2006 of Somnath Childrens welfare society prepare Income and Expenditure for the year ended 31st 2007 and Balance Sheet as at 31st 2007
RECEIPT AND PAYMENT ACCOUNT
For the year ended 31st March 2007
(1) Rs 6000 were impaid for repairs as on 31st March 2007
(2) Subscription received during 2006-2007 included Rs 2400 for the year 2007-2008
(3) Subscriptions due but not paid on 31st March 2007 were Rs 10,080
(4) Rent and rates includes Rs 240 for the year 2007- 08
(5) Depreciations on the following
Car @ 5%p.a. ; Furniture @ 10 % pa
Equipment @ 20% pa
Computers @ 25% and Printer @ 30%pa
(iii)Depreciation of building =55000
(iv) Profit on sale of refreshment
Sale of refreshment Rs.7040
Cost of refreshment (–) Rs.3960
Question: Excellent Library Society showed the following position on 31st December 2001
Balance Sheet as at 31st Dec. 2001
You are required to prepare an Income and Expenditure Account for the year ending 31-12-
200 and Balance Sheet as on that date after making the following adjustments:
(a) Memberships subscription included Rs 1000 received in advance
(b) Provide for outstanding Rent Rs 400 and Salaries Rs 300
(c) Books to be depreciated @ 10% including additions. Electrical fittings and furniture
are also to be depreciated at the same rate.
(d) 75% of the entrance fees is to be capitalized.
(e) Interest on securities to be calculated @ 5% p.a. including purchases of investment
made as on 1.7.2002 for Rs 4000.
Answer: Deficit Rs. 1670
Capital funds Rs.79300
Balance sheet Rs.81580
[Hint – (i) Subscription Rs.19000
(ii)Interest on securities (800+50) Rs. 850