Notes Chapter 5 The Ailing Planet The Green Movements Role

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The Ailing Planet The Green Movements Role Notes Class 11 English

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This article writlen by Nani Palkhivala appeared in The Indian Express on 24 November 1994. The lesson, ‘The Ailing Planet: the Green Movement’s Role’ focuses on the deteriorating health of the Earth because of human being’s growing lust to exploit all its natural resources.

Sustainable Development

  • The Green Movement launched in 1972 has never looked back.
  • There is a growing need of sustainable development, which was popularised by World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987.
  • Sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their needs.
  • In a Zoo at Lusaka. Zambia, there is a Notice board in a cage where it is written the most dangerous animal in this world. Their is no animal but a mirror inside where one can see his image.
  • The earth itself is a living organism -an enormous being of which we are parts. It has its own metabolic needs that must be respected and preserved. But its vital signs reveal a patient in declining health.
  • Man has realised that we must live in partnership with 1.4 million other living beings with whom we are sharing the earth.
  • Brandt commission which had one of the Indians L.K.Jha as member raised the question regarding the condition of the earth which we are going to leave for our successors.
  • According to Mr Lester R. Brown, there are four biological systems fisheries, forests, grasslands and croplands. They form the basis of the global economic system.
  • They supply food to us and raw materials for our industries. But their productivity is being damaged.
  • According to Dr. Mayer tropical forests are the power house of has been well said that forest precede mankind and deserts follow. We are losing our forest an acre and half per second.
  • India is losing its forest at the rate of 3.7 million ace a year.

Measure to be taken

  • Population control is to be given top priority. Fertility falls as incomes rise, education spreads, and health improves. Thus, development is the best contraceptive.
  • Industries have crucial role to play.

Short Answer Questions

Question. What are the facts that support the title, “The Ailing Planet ……”.
Ans. The planet on which we live is, indeed, ailing. Its grasslands, croplands, forests and fisheries have been destroyed. Many of its species have almost become extinct. The land, rivers and seas have been polluted. The fertility of soil has gone down. All natural resources have depleted badly. Hence, it is, indeed, an ailing planet.

Question. What is meant by sustainable development? When did this concept become popular?
Ans. Sustainable development means development that meets the needs of the present but doesn’t affect the ability of future generations to meet their needs. This concept became popular in 1987.

Question. What does the notice “The world’s most dangerous animal’ at a cage in the zoo at Lusaka, Zambia Signify?
Ans. There is no animal in the cage but a mirror where one can see oneself. It makes one realise that the world’s most dangerous animal is none but man himself which is very true. Man has destroyed forests, fisheries, grasslands and croplands. He has made many species almost extinct. Thus the mirror in the cage signifies man’s cruelty and thoughtlessness.

Question. The writer says, “What goes under the pot now costs more than what goes inside it.” What is meant by this?
Ans. In poor countries, people cut down trees for firewood. As a result, there is shortage of firewood. It has become very expensive. That is why the author says “What goes under the pot costs more than what goes inside it”.

Long Answers Type Questions

Question. Why is development called the best contraceptive?
Ans. When there is development, income rises, education spreads, and health improves. It means enlightened population which understands the value of small families. Thus, development is called the best contraceptive.

Question. “We have not inherited the earth from our forefathers : We borrowed it from our children” Discuss.
Ans. This earth supplies all our needs. But we don’t have a freehold on it. We are not its masters. We have not inherited it from out forefathers. Rather, we have borrowed it from our children we have to give it back to them in good form. We should take from it as much as we can give back to it.

Question. Do you think element at Coercion is essential for family planning?
Ans. Human beings should not be treated like cattle. They should not be sterilized compulsorily like cattle they should be encouraged to adopt family planning voluntarily. There should be no element to coercion.

Notes Chapter 5 The Ailing Planet The Green Movements Role

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