MCQs for Biology Class 11 with Answers Chapter 3 Plant Kingdom
Students of class 11 Biology should refer to MCQ Questions Class 11 Biology Plant Kingdom with answers provided here which is an important chapter in Class 11 Biology NCERT textbook. These MCQ for Class 11 Biology with Answers have been prepared based on the latest CBSE and NCERT syllabus and examination guidelines for Class 11 Biology. The following MCQs can help you to practice and get better marks in the upcoming class 11 Biology examination
Chapter 3 Plant Kingdom MCQ with Answers Class 11 Biology
MCQ Questions Class 11 Biology Plant Kingdom provided below have been prepared by expert teachers of grade 11. These objective questions with solutions are expected to come in the upcoming Standard 11 examinations. Learn the below provided MCQ questions to get better marks in examinations.
Question. Pollination that occurs in closed flowers is:-
Question. Cut-pieces of a Bryophyllum leaf, when put into wet soil, produce new plants. This phenomenon is called as-
(a) Vegetative propagation
(b) Tissue culture
(c) Leaf primordial culture
(d) Meristem culture
Question. Nucellar embryos are
(a) Amphimictic diploids
(b) Apomictic diploids
(c) Apomictic haploids
Question. What is common between vegetative reproduction and apomixis?
(a) Both are sexual method of reproduction
(b) Both produce progeny identical to the parent
(c) Both are applicable to only dicot plants
(d) Both bypass the flowering in plant
Question. Which of the following is not a post pollination development?
(a) Formation of male gametes in pollen tube
(b) Division of pollen cell into tube cell and generative cell.
(c) Secretion of hydrolytic enzyme by pollen tube.
(d) Swelling of vegetative cell and formation of pollen tube
Question. The development of male gametophyte in angiosperms is
(a) Partly in- situ in anther and partly ex-situ on stigma.
(b) Fully in- situ in anther.
(c) Fully ex- situ on stigma
(d) in- vitro only
Question. From the given list how many do not show vegetative / asexual reproduction naturally?
Sugarcane, ginger, maize, barley, tobacco, pea, sunflower, potato, Bryophyllum.
Question. Persistent nucellus in the seed is observed in :
(a) Castor and Turnip
(b) Black pepper and Beet
(c) Black pepper and Maize
(d) All of these
Question. During the development of helobial endosperm,
(a) The first nuclear division of primary endosperm nucleus is followed by equal cytoplasmic division
(b) The first nuclear division of primary endosperm nucleus is followed by another nuclear division
(c) The first nuclear division of primary endosperm nucleus is followed by unequal cytoplasmic division with the larger cell towards the chalaza
(d) The first nuclear division of primary endosperm nucleus is followed by unequal cytoplasmic division with the larger cell towards the micropyle.
Question. When only the first division is followed by unequal cytokinesis, the development of endosperm is called :
Question. How many cells are present in the embryo sac immediately after pollen tube ruptures with in the embryo sac?
Question. The pollen grain viability is highly variable. Select the least viable pollen grain from the following list of choices.
Question. Flowering plants have developed many devices to discourage self-pollination and to encourage cross-pollination except-
Question. Which of the following is incorrect?
(a) Double fertilization is characteristics of angiosperm.
(b) Double fertilization was discovered by Nawaschin.
(c) Pollen tube shows apical growth and chemotropic movement.
(d) Basal part of ovule is called micropyle.
Question. In a mature 7 celled 8-nucleate embryo sac the ploidy level of the secondary nucleus is the same as that of the:
(d) Polar nuclei
Question. Leaves bearing sporangium are sporophylls. In some pteridophytes sporophylls form compact structure called
(b) Strobilus or cone
Question. Prothallus in pteridophytes is
(a) Non vascular, haploid, multicellular, small, mostly photosynthetic, thalloid, gametophyte
(b) Vascular, N, multicellular sporophyte
(c) 2N, Free-living gametophyte
(d) Is thallus/plant body in same pteridophytes
Question. Which one is wrongly matched?
(a) Gemma cups – marchantia
(b) Biflagellate zoospores – brown algae
(c) Uniflagellate gametes – polysiphonia
(d) Unicellular organism – chlorella
Question. In pteridophytes prothallus produces
(b) Antheridia and archegonia
(c) Vascular tissues
(d) Root, stem, and leaf
Question. The sporophyte is dominant phase in
Question. Match the following
|Column – I||Column – II|
|A. Psilopsida||I. Dryopteris, pteris,adiantum|
|B. Lycopsida||II. Equisetum|
|C. Sphenopsida||III. Selaginella|
|D. Pteropsida||IV. Lycopodium|
(a) A – V, B – III, IV, C – II, D – I
(b) A – I, B – II, C – III, D – IV
(c) A – IV, B – III, C – II, D – I
(d) A – III, B – IV,V, C – II, D – I
Question. Integumented megasporangia are formed in :-
(b) Cryptogames only
(c) Gymnosperms only
(d) Pteridophytes only
Question. The most common type of spores produced in algae during asexual reproduction are :-
Question. Which is not common in Chlorella and Spirulina ?
(a) both are unicellular
(b) both are rich in protein
(c) both are used as food supplement
(d) both are prokaryotes
Question. Zygotic meiosis occurs in :-
Question. In gymnosperms, the megaspore forms :-
(b) Female gamete
(c) Male gamete
(d) Male cone
Question. Which is not an example of moss plants ?
Question. Non vascular archegoniate plants are :-
Question. Which is not true about agar ?
(a) It is obtained from red alga
(b) It is used to grow (culture) microbes
(c) It is used to make ice-cream and gellies
(d) It is used as food supplement even by space travellers
Question. Which group of plants conduct water and minerals by xylem tracheids ?
Question. Which one of the following is not the ecological importance of moss plants ?
(a) Some mosses provide food for herbaceous mammals birds and other animals
(b) Very high water holding capacity of mosses is useful for trans-shipment of living materials
(c) Mosses algong with lichens are the pioneering organisms to colonise rocks
(d) Mosses form dense mats on the soil and reduce the impact of falling rain.
Question. Fusion between a large, nonmotile (static) female gamete and a smaller, motile male gamete is termed as :-
Question. Strobilli or cones are not formed in :-
Question. Evolutionary first terrestrial plants to possess vascular tissues xylem and phloem are :-
Question. In a sphenopsid plant number of chromosome in the cells of scaly leaves is 24, what will be the number of chromosomes in its cells of stem, spore, and prothallus respectively :-
(a) 24, 12, 12
(b) 24, 24, 12
(c) 12, 24, 12
(d) 24, 12, 24
Question. Most reduced gametophyte is found in :-
Question. The phylogenetic classification was put forth by:
(a) Carolus Linnaeus
(c) Adolf Engler and Karl Prantl
Question. Evolutionary history of an organism is known as:
Question. Cytotaxonomy is based on
(a) Chemical constituents
(b) Morphological characters
(c) Structure and behaviour of chromosomes
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Question. Which of these is mismatched?
(a) Bryon – liverworts
(b) Kryptos – concealed
(c) Gymno – naked
(d) Phaneros – visible
Question. Trichoderma erythrium which gives colour to red sea is:
(a) Green alga
(b) Blue – Green alga
(c) Red alga
(d) Brown alga
Question. Non – motile, greatly thickened, asexual spore in Chlamydomonas is:
Question. Pyrenoids are made up of:
(a) Core of starch surrounded by sheath of protein
(b) Core of protein surrounded by fatty sheath
(c) Proteinaceous centre and starchy sheath
(d) Core of nuclei acid surrounded by protein sheath
Question. Spirogyral lateral conjugation takes place in:
(a) Heterosporous species
(b) Homosporous species
(c) Heterothallic species
(d) Homothallic species
Question. Which of the following is known as Pond Silk?
Question. Meiosis in Spirogyra, Ulothrix, Chlamydomonas and most of the algae / thallophyta is:
Question. Ulothrix releases zoospore during:
Question. Which algae is chew as tobacco in Scotland?
(b) Rodimenia palmata
Question. Which is Mermaid’s tresses?
Question. Ulothrix is:
(a) Nonmotile colonial alga lacking reproductive stages
(b) Filmaentous alga with nonflagellated reproductive stages
(c) Membranous alga producing zoospores
(d) Filamentous alga with flagellated reproductive stages
Question. Which of the following algae are used by space travellers as food suppliments?
(a) Gracilaria, Gelidium
(b) Volvox, Ulothrix
(c) Spirogyra, Kelps
(d) Spirulina, Chlorella
Question. Bacteria responsible for nitrificatin come under the following groups:
Question. Bacteria were discovered by:
(a) Robert Koch
(b) A.V. Leeuwenhoek
(c) Robert Hooke
(d) Louis Pasteur
Question. The main difference in Gram (+)ve and Gram (-)ve bacteria resides in their:
(b) Cell membrane
(d) Cell wall
Question. An obligate anaerobe is:
(b) Methane bacteria
Question. Endospores develop in:
(a) Bacillus and Clostridium
(b) Saccharomyces and Clostridium
(c) Mnococcus and Clostridium
(d) Mucor and Bacillus
Question. Match the columns and find the correct answer:
|Column I||Column II|
|A. Streptomyces||1. Food poisoning|
|B. Rhizobium||2. Source antibiotics|
|C. Nitrosomonas||3. Nitrogen fixation|
|D. Acetobacter||4. Nitrification|
|5. Vinegar synthesis|
(a) A-2 B-3 C-4 D-5
(b) A-5 B-2 C-3 D-4
(c) A-2 B-3 C-1 D-5
(d) A-4 B-5 C-1 D-3
Question. Entamoeba coil causes:
Question. Recurrence of high temperature in malaria at intervals is due to completion of:
(a) Exoerythrocytic schizogony
(d) Erythrocytic schizogony
Question. Which of the following can be used as bacteriological filter?
Question. Chief producers in oceans are
(d) All of these
Question. Acellular slime mould:
(c) Both of these
(d) None of these
Question. Amoeba is found in:
(a) Fresh water
(b) Marine water
(c) Dirty water
(d) All of these
Question. Slime mould is characterized by the presence of
Question. Longitudinal binary fission found in
Question. Amoeba secretes digestive enzymes for hydrolysing:
(d) All the above
Question. Multiple fission in Plasmodium is:
(d) None of the above
Question. Infective stage of Entamoeba histolytica is:
(b) Tetranucleate cyst
(c) Uninucleate cyst
Question. Haemozoin formed in malaria is produced by:
(a) Globin part of haemoglobin
(b) Dead leucocytes
(d) Heme of haemoglobin
Question. What is not connected with reproduction of protozoans?
Question. Malarial parasite is: