Sample Paper Class 10 Social science Term 2 Set E
Please refer to Sample Paper Class 10 Social Science Term 2 Set E with solutions provided below. We have provided CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science as per the latest paper pattern and examination guidelines for Standard 10 Social Science issued by CBSE for the current academic year. The below provided Sample Guess paper will help you to practice and understand what type of questions can be expected in the Class 10 Social Science exam.
CBSE Sample Paper Class 10 Social Science for Term 2 Set E
1. Why did Gandhiji decide to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1922?
Answer : A peaceful demonstration in a bazaar in Chauri Chaura, Gorakhpur turned into a violent clash with the police. Hearing of the incident Mahatma Gandhi decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement.
2. Where was the first textile mill established in India?
Answer : (c) Mumbai
3. What is the requirement laid down by the Election Commission for a political party to be recognized as a ‘State Party’?
Answer : A party that secures at least six per cent of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a state and wins at least two seats is recognized as a state party.
4. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:
Assertion (A): As compared to dictatorship democracy is better.
Reason (R): Democracy promotes equality among citizens. Options:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
Answer : (a)
5. What is a barter system?
Answer : Barter system is a condition in which goods are exchanged without the use of money.
6. Identify the corporation with the help of the following features:
• It is a company that owns production in more than one nation.
• In general it sets up production where it is close to the markets.
• Investment made by it is called foreign investment.
Answer : Multinational Corporation.
7. How did the government suppress the Satyagrahis during Rowlatt Satyagraha?
Answer : (i) The government responded with brutal repression, seeking to humiliate and terrorise people.
(ii) Satyagrahis were forced to rub their noses on the ground, crawl on the streets and do salaam to all sahibs.
(iii) People were flogged and villages were bombed.
(iv) Seeing violence spread, Gandhiji called-off the movement. The British government violated the freedom of speech and expression.
8. Name the longest National Waterway of India. Write any three points of importance of waterways.
Answer : The longest National Waterway of India is the Ganga river between Prayagraj (Allahabad) and Haldia.
Importance of waterways:
(i) It is most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky goods.
(ii) It is a fuel efficient and environment friendly.
(iii) More than 95% of the country’s trade volume is moved by the sea.
(iv) It is the cheapest means of transport.
(v) They are the natural routes which do not involve cost of construction.
9. Describe any three main features of two-party system.
Answer : Main features of two-party system:
(i) Power usually changes between two parties, several other parties may exist.
(ii) In such system, people get clear choice.
(iii) The party that wins majority forms the government and the other sits in opposition.
(iv) Strong opposition is good for democracy.
(v) Prompt decisions are taken and implemented.
(vi) More development and less corruption.
10. How do demand deposit have the essential features of money? Explain.
Answer : The demand deposits have the essential features of money because:
(i) Banks accept the deposits and also pay an amount as interest on the deposits.
(ii) People also have the provision to withdraw the money as and when they require.
(iii) People’s money is safe with the banks and it earns an amount as interest.
11. The Civil Disobedience Movement saw the participation of different social classes and groups. Give reasons for the participation of the following:
(a) rich peasants
(b) poor peasants
(c) business classes
(d) industrial working classes and
Answer : The reasons for the participation of various social classes and groups in Civil Disobedience Movement are as follows:
(i) Rich peasants – Rich peasant communities like patidars of Gujarat and the jats of Uttar Pradesh joined the movement because, being producers of commercial crops they were hard hit by the trade depression and falling prices. Due to the refusal of the government to reduce the revenue demand made them fight against high revenues.
(ii) Poor peasants – They joined the movement because they found it difficult to pay rent. They wanted the unpaid rent to the landlord to be remitted.
(iii) Business class – They reacted against colonial policies that restricted activities because they were keen on expanding their business and for this they wanted protection against imports of foreign goods. They thought that Swaraj would cancel colonial restrictions and trade would flourish without restrictions.
(iv) Industrial working class – They did not participate in large numbers except in the Nagpur region. Some workers did participate in, selectively adopting some of the Gandhian programme, like boycott of foreign goods, as a part of their own movements against low wages and poor working conditions.
(v) Women – There were large scale participation of women in the movement. They participated in protest marches, manufactured salt, and picketed foreign cloth and liquor shops. Many went to jail.
12. “The challenge of sustainable development requires control over industrial pollution.” Substantiate the statement with examples.
Answer : (i) On one hand industries lead to extensive industrial growth and expansion, other hand these are also the cause of environmental degeneration which prompt to the different type of air, water pollution.
(ii) There is an increasing requirement to use a further sustainable model.
(iii) Industries must produce eco-friendly products and dump wastes responsibly.
(iv) Use of latest technology can help industries to control pollution and lead towards sustainable mode of operation.
(v) Industries use Reuse-Recycle-Refuse approach.
(vi) If necessary, dump waste in specified places, away from the land and water sources. For example, before dumping treat well and make useful for other than drinking purpose, stop using thermal plants in some of the locations.
13. Explain the role of political parties in a democracy.
Answer : In a democracy political parties performed the following major functions:
(i) In most democracies, elections are fought mainly among the candidates put up by political parties. Parties select their candidates in different ways. In India top party leaders choose candidates for contesting elections.
(ii) Parties put forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from them. In a democracy, a large number of similar opinions have to be grouped together to provide a direction in which policies can be formulated by the governments. A government is expected to base its policies on the line taken by the ruling party.
(iii) Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country. Formally laws are debated and passed in the legislature. But since most of the members belong to a party, they go by the direction of the party leadership, irrespective of their personal opinions.
(iv) Parties form and run governments. Parties recruit leaders, train them and then make them ministers to run the government in the way they want.
(v) Those parties that lose in the elections play the role of opposition to the parties in power by voicing different views and criticising government for its failure or wrong policies.
(vi) Parties shape public opinion. They raise and highlight issues. Parties sometimes also launch movements for the resolution of problems faced by people. Often opinions in the society crystallise on the lines parties take.
(vii) Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes implemented by governments.
14. How are Multinational Companies (MNCs) controlling and spreading their productions across the world? Explain.
Answer : The Multinational Companies (MNCs) are controlling and spreading their production across the world in the following ways:
(i) MNCs set up their production units close to market.
(ii) MNCs set up production units jointly with local companies.
(iii) They setup units where there is skilled and unskilled labour available at low cost.
(iv) Large MNCs in developed countries place orders for productions with small producers.
(v) They have tremendous power to determine price, quality, delivery and labour conditions for distant producers.
(vi) By purchasing local companies.
15. One feature is marked on the given political map of India. Identify this feature with the help of the following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it.
The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in 1927.
16. On the same map locate and label the following:
Namrup Thermal Power Plant